SEEKR Tutorial

How to Prepare and Run a Job

Last Updated: February 2017

For this tutorial, we will be attempting to prepare a k-on calculation for the protein trypsin and its natural substrate benzamidine.

First, ensure that you have installed SEEKR and all its required software (see README for dependencies). It is also recommended that you use the README/manual to familiarize yourself with the parameters that SEEKR uses. This tutorial also assumes that you are proficient in VMD.

I have prepared a SEEKR input file for Trypsin in the tutorial files (tryp.seekr), but we are going to try to build one from scratch using the TEMPLATE.seekr file.

Start by opening TEMPLATE.seekr in a text editor. To avoid overwriting the template file, save the file as something else, like "my_tryp.seekr".

In TEMPLATE.seekr, you need to replace all the values labelled with the value "SOMETHING" and even some of the others. Notice that lines after the hashtag '#' character are merely comments for your benefit, and are ignored by SEEKR.

We will go through one by one to change them to desired values:

Set Program path information:

If these paths are already specified in something like a bashrc, you can skip this step...

These two are likely already aliased for Amarolab users:

Now we are going to edit the parameters for the binding site in trypsin. This will require us to find some parameters by sight.

If one has a PDB structure with the ligand bound, then finding the binding site and associated residues are relatively easy tasks. For Trypsin and Benzamidine, one such structure is PDB structure: 3PTB

Open VMD and load PDB structure 3PTB. Color the protein white and view in a surface representation, then view "resname BEN" in licorice represenation. You should be able to clearly see the benzamidine ligand in the binding site.

Now load the structure 'tryp_wet_lastframe.pdb' from the tutorial folder. Hide the waterbox, showing only the protein in a surface representation. Show residues 172 173 174 177 191 193 194 196 202 206 197 in a special color to highlight the binding site of trypsin. These will have different residue numbering than in the crystal structure because of the MD simulation done on 'tryp_wet_lastframe.pdb' previously. If desire, you can overlay the apo structure to the holo crystal structure using the MultiSeq tool in the VMD Extensions menu. I chose them because these are residues that appear to be interacting with the ligand, therefore, we can use the center of mass of these residues as the origin of our binding site.

Within the site1 block:

Alternatively, you can manually specify:

In VMD, make the 'tryp_wet_lastframe.pdb' file be the top molecule. In the tkconsole window, type:

  set site [atomselect top "name CA and resid 172 173 174 177 191 193 194 196 202 206 197"]

Then type:

  measure center $site

Take note of the resulting coordinates. They should be approximately: "-1.536, 13.860, 16.540"

Set 'x' to be '-1.536'. Set 'y' to be '13.860'. Set 'z' to be '16.540'.

Now, in the tkconsole window, type: $site get serial The following numbers should be returned: '2479 2490 2500 2536 2719 2746 2770 2788 2795 2868 2927'. Make these numbers the values for the 'atomid' parameter.

Now we need to choose where to place the ligand on each milestone.

In the SEEKR/tools/setup direcory, there should be a script called 'moduseful.tcl'. In the tkconsole window, type source /path/to/moduseful.tcl Then run the following command: eye_vec "-1.536, 13.860, 16.540"

(These are the coordinates for the center of binding site). The script should draw a thin line running from the binding site to where your eye was on the screen. Rotate the molecule to see the line. In order to obtain a good result for this vector, you will want to rotate your view in VMD so that you can see directly into the binding pocket. You can use the above command to draw another line, note the values for the vector. Don't worry about the magnitude of this line, SEEKR will automatically normalize it.

Alternatively, on the VMD website, there is a page that contains all the scripts. Download the script called 'eye_line', though some modifications will be needed to make it return the vector from the atom selection to your eye.

In my case, it was '4.336 203.9 99.89'

Set the 'vx', 'vy', 'vz' values to be the values you obtained. Or you can use my values on the line above.

The parameters 'startvx', 'startvy', and 'startvz' allow more control over how the ligand is arranged along the milestones. This vector points from the origin to the location on the first milestone where to start the (vx, vy, vz) vector. If unsure how to modify this, then make 'startvx', 'startvy', and 'startvz' to be the same as 'vx', 'vy', and 'vz'.

Set the 'increment' value to be '2.0'. This is the spacing, in Angstroms, between the milestones.

Alternatively, you can manually specify the placement of milestones using the radius list option and provide a string of distances (e.g. 1 2 3 4 6 8 )

the option looks like this: radius_list 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 4 6 8 10 12 14'

NOTE: the radius list option will override the increment option

**Our SEEKR setup for this system used 'radius_list 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 4 6 8 10 12 14'

We have finished defining the binding site of Trypsin, now we are filling out details of the MD portion of the calculation:

Now we need to fill out the LEAP commands. You can do this by hand by entering values into the 'leap_preload_commands' and 'leap_postload_commands' parameters, or by using 'sample_leap_file' and providing a sample LEAP script that SEEKR can use to parse the locations and specifics of generating a holo structure.

We will do the former. Write the following into the file:

leap_preload_commands [
  source leaprc.ff14SB,
        source leaprc.gaff,
        set default FlexibleWater on,
        set default PBRadii mbondi2,
        loadoff /path/to/tutorial/Ca2.lib,
        loadoff /path/to/tutorial/benzamidine.lib,
        loadamberparams /path/to/tutorial/benzamidine.frcmod,
        WAT= T4E,
        HOH= T4E,
        loadAmberParams frcmod.ionsjc_tip4pew,
        loadAmberParams frcmod.tip4pew,

Of course change /path/to/tutorial to the true path to the tutorial files...

And write the following also:

leap_postload_commands [
        bond holo.7.SG holo.137.SG,
        bond holo.25.SG holo.41.SG,
        bond holo.109.SG holo.210.SG,
        bond holo.116.SG holo.183.SG,
        bond holo.148.SG holo.162.SG,
        bond holo.173.SG holo.197.SG,
        charge holo,
        check holo,

This will create the necessary disulfide bonds for our system.

To prepare the rest of the input file, enter the following:

Now we will fill out details concerning the BD portion of the simulation

Last, we will fill out details concerning the electrostatics calculations used in the BD simulations. We are using a 20mM NaCl solution, and the nonlinear PBE for the calculations.

Now save the file as "trypsin.seekr".


Now we are finished with the preparations of the input file. Run the SEEKR program using the following command:

  python /path/to/SEEKR/bin/ trypsin.seekr

The program may take take many minutes or even an hour to complete. Once finished, you will see the folder 'tryp' in the directory you provided as 'root_dir', called something along the lines as trypsin_project_directory.

The tryp/ directory contains a filetree that SEEKR constructed. Inside, you will see several folders that begin with the word 'anchor' and a folder that is called 'b_surface'. Additionally, you will see a milestones.xml file, which the program uses to represent the milestone surfaces, and will be used for analysis in the end. There are also several '.pkl' files. The '.pkl' files are python "pickle" files that allow subsequent runs of to be completed more quickly and easily, but you will never interact with them.

The directories that begin with "anchor" are designed to be informative. The format looks like: "anchor_A_B_C_D_E_F_G" The numbers correspond to:

Each anchor directory corresponds to a milestone surface. Since we set the 'reject_clashes' option to 'True', it is likely that some anchors were not created because the ligand had a steric clash with the receptor. This is highly dependent on the vector generated by 'eye_vec'. The missing anchors can always be added later, but for now we will continue with just those created here.

Look inside one of the directories that begins with 'anchor'. In these directories, you will see at least one subdirectory "md", and in the outermost one you'll see the subdirectory 'bd'. Look inside the "md" subdirectory. You will see the directories: "building", "min", "temp_equil", "ens_equil", and "fwd_rev" directories. You'll also see a "holo_wet.pdb" structure. Take a look at the structure in VMD and verify that it looks OK.

Look inside the "building" directory. Inside will be a LEAP file used to prepare a PRMTOP and INPCRD file, as well as LEAP output and a PDB file generated by LEAP. The LEAP output file can be useful for debugging problems running LEAP in other projects.

Back up into the "md" folder. The other directories will be useful for running preparations of this particular milestone for simulation.

Now back up two directories and enter the "b_surface" directory. Inside here are a number of files that will be used for BD simulations starting at this anchor.

==================================================== Running the MD ====================================================

Back up a directory so that you can see all the anchor folders.

NOTE: It is VERY IMPORTANT in cases when you will be using SEEKR for real research, that you verify the validity of the NAMD input files with an expert in Molecular Dynamics.

============= MINIMIZATIONS: =============

Run the following command to minimize the holo structures:

  for i in anchor_*/md/min; do echo "now running minimizations on anchor $i"; cd $i; namd2 min1.namd > min1.out; cd ../../..; done

It may take several minutes or an hour. This command goes into each of the anchors' minimization folders and uses namd to minimize the solvent molecules for those systems.

It's worth it to load the PRMTOP (found in your trypsin_project_directory as /anchor_*/md/building/holo.prmtop) and minimization DCD files into VMD to observe that all went according to plan. The number of frames found in the DCD files are determined by the input file.

============= TEMPERATURE EQUILIBRATIONS: =============

Now that the minimizations are complete, we want to heat up the solvent slowly and then let it slowly cool to allow the waters to arrange themselves and relax around the ligand and receptor.

First, look inside one of the anchor directories, then past the md/ directory, and into the temp_equil/ directory. Note the numbering of the temp_equil .namd scripts. They should be numbered from 1 to 13. We will run each of these in succession.

To do this, change directory to be in your trypsin_project_directory and run the following command:

  for i in anchor_*/md/temp_equil; do echo $i; cd $i; for f in {1..13}; do echo "  $f"; namd2 +idlepoll +p4 temp_equil$f.namd > temp_equil$f.out; done; cd ../../..; done

This will run the temperature equilibrations, it should finish within an hour or so. I recommend loading the DCD files into VMD to verify that everything is still OK after the temperature equilibrations. The length of the equilibration is determined by the input file.

To save time loading all of the DCD files into VMD, use the following command in the VMD TkConsole after loading the /anchor_*/md/building/holo.parm7 found in trypsin_project_directory and opening vmd in the temp_equil directory:

  for {set i 1} {$i <= 13} {incr i} {mol addfile temp_equil$i.dcd}

============= ENSEMBLE EQUILIBRATIONS (Umbrella Sampling): =============

Back up the filetree until you are above the trypsin_project_directory. Enter the following command to create a tarball:

  tar -czf tryp_pre_equil.tgz trypsin_project_directory/

Once that command is done, use scp or sftp to transfer to your scratch directory on Stampede and unpack using the following command:

  tar -xzf tryp_pre_equil.tgz

Calculations in this section are typically performed on a supercomputer. This tutorial assumes you will be running on the TACC Stampede supercomputer.

We will first compile a special version of NAMD needed for the fwd_rev phase...

How to compile for Stampede:

A tarball of the NAMD source code is located in the SEEKR/namd directory.

Create a directory named, say, namd_compile. Then 'cd' into it. From here, run:

  cp SEEKR/namd/NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source.tar.gz .

Then unpack it with:

  tar -xzf NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source.tar.gz

Now you will copy some code files from the same folder into your source folder using these commands:

  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/gauss.C NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source/src/.
  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/eigeng.c NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source/src/.
  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/namd/TclCommands.C NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source/src/.
  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/TclVec.C NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source/src/.

This will overwrite the existing TclVec.C and TclCommands.C source files because SEEKR requires adaptations of the NAMD code. Trust us... we know what we're doing ;)

Next, copy over the script that you will use to build charmrun, which NAMD needs to run on a parallel system like Stampede. Do so using this command:

  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/build_namd.bash ./

View the script if you want, and modify the variables at the top as you see fit. The $WORKDIR variable is where the program is downloaded and compiled.

Then the $HOMEDIR variable is actually where the final program will be placed. Run using this command:

  bash build_namd.bash

This script will probably run for a long time (about an hour). In fact, if it stops instantly, check the output for errors because it probably didn't work, even if it says it worked. If you have trouble, try copying the charm-6.7.0 tarball from the SEEKR/namd directory:

  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/charm-6.7.0.tar $WORK/charm-6.7.0-verbs-linux-x86_64-iccstatic

Then run this command:

  tar -xf $WORK/charm-6.7.0-verbs-linux-x86_64-iccstatic/charm-6.7.0.tar

Then go into the build_namd.bash script and remove or comment out the line that begins with 'wget'. Then re-run the script.

Now we need to compile NAMD. The default way to do this is pretty well described in the notes.txt file in the NAMD directory. But we will give detailed instructions here.

The following commands download and install TCL and FFTW libraries (cd to NAMD_2.10_Source if you're not already there):

  tar xzf fftw-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
  mv linux-x86_64 fftw
  tar xzf tcl8.5.9-linux-x86_64.tar.gz
  tar xzf tcl8.5.9-linux-x86_64-threaded.tar.gz
  mv tcl8.5.9-linux-x86_64 tcl
  mv tcl8.5.9-linux-x86_64-threaded tcl-threaded

Edit the Make.charm configuration file:

  vi Make.charm

Once inside, set CHARMBASE to full path to charm. In our case, this is the directory: ${HOME}/charm-6.7.0

  CHARMBASE = ${HOME}/charm-6.7.0

Set up build directory and compile:

  ./config Linux-x86_64-g++ --charm-arch verbs-linux-x86_64-iccstatic
  cd Linux-x86_64-g++

This last step is likely to take a long time. (about 15 minutes)

Copy the mpiexec program from the namd directory to a location of your choice. Your home directory is fine:

  cp /(path to)/SEEKR/namd/mpiexec $HOME

The program that we use to control jobs on the supercomputer is called Make sure that exists in your home directory on Stampede.

The program we will use to run calculations on the supercomputer,, requires you to define the environment variables "NAMD_SEEKR", "CHARM_SEEKR", and "MPIEXEC" that reflect the paths to the software you just compiled.

To do this, in your home directory, edit the .bashrc file by typing:

  vi .bashrc

add the following lines, changing the path to reflect where the special build is installed

  export NAMD_SEEKR="/path/to/new/compile/NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source/Linux-x86_64-g++/namd2"
  export CHARM_SEEKR="/path/to/new/compile/NAMD_CVS-2015-11-02_Source/Linux-x86_64-g++/charmrun"
  export MPIEXEC="/path/to/mpiexec"

Running Ensemble Equilibrations:

Now, cd into the project directory you just unpacked on Stampede. I like to test everything by running a short simulation for one of the anchors to ensure that it was prepared properly.

To prepare the anchor files for umbrella sampling, determine the lowest anchor number (in this case, it's four), type the following command:

  python ~/ submit 4 ens_equil 

Even though the output says that it's executing an sbatch command, it actually is not beacuse Stampede does not allow this. It is always a good idea to check that it did not submit, though, by typing:

  showq -u

We will have to submit it manually later.

The program takes commands according to the following template:

  python ~/ action anchor stage

The "action" category can take several possible arguments: submit, resubmit, check, prep, etc...

The "anchor" category takes a comma-separated series of anchor indeces to launch. These correspond to the first number in the the directories in the tryp/ folder. Commas delineate numbers and dashes allow one to specify ranges of numbers. One may also use the "all" keyword to launch all the anchors in this directory.

The "stage" category specifies which stage to launch. So far, only "ens_equil" and "fwd_rev" are allowed stages.

Now cd in anchor 4, then md/, then ens_equil/. You will see four files. Two colvar files that specify information about the umbrella sampling, a NAMD input file, and a submission file, perhaps named something like: "ens_equil256_1.submit"

Open the submission file using vim or vi.

Change the amount of time to run from 48 hours to only 10 minutes. You can do this by finding an SBATCH argument near the top of the file specified by "-t" and contains the text: "48:00:00". Change this text to "00:10:00", which corresponds to ten minutes. (This can also be done with the '-t' argument to

Change the number of processors from 256 to 128. This can also be done using the -p argument in

Finally, you will need to add your account information after the -A option. This can also be done using the -a argument in

You can also change other information about the submission at this time if you desire. You can also change the NAMD file if desired, although SEEKR should have specified everything properly.

Now submit the umbrella sampling job:

  sbatch ens_equil256_1.submit

Of course, if your submission script has a different name, you'll have to change the command above. Assuming that all is well with your stampede allocation and the submission file, the job should be submitted to the queue. You can check on it by typing: "showq -u".

Your job will only run for 10 minutes, but a true umbrella sampling job should run for much more time. In fact, you will likely need to run several different submissions. To resubmit the jobs, the "resubmit" argument for can be used. Use the following command to see the progress of your umbrella sampling:

  python ~/ check all ens_equil

This will print out a series of information about each of the anchors, and the number of timesteps that have been completed for the umbrella sampling. If the "last timestep" output is less than the number of timesteps wanted for the umbrella sampling, you would use a command similar to the following:

  python ~/ resubmit 4 ens_equil

Of course, you might use a different anchor index. You will need to enter the ens_equil/ directory again, find the submission file named something like: "ens_equil256_2.submit", modify any parameters, and then submit it using sbatch.

============= FWD REV STAGE: =============

Note: This tutorial is currently written to reflect the commands you would execute while ssh'd into your own Stampede account from TACC.

Once the umbrella sampling stage is complete, it's time to start the fwd_rev stage. This is the trickiest of all. You can control this stage using also.

Obtain the milestoning.tcl file from the SEEKR directory and place it into the trypsin_project_directory you determined in your input file.

Then, you will need to obtain or compile a special build of NAMD2 as well as a program called Charm++.

Submitting the fwd_rev stage:

Since earlier in the tutorial, you probably only ran the umbrella sampling simulations for 10 minutes, which is far shorter than you actually would. For this reason, you don't have the whole umbrella sampling simulation. You can run these for the required time, but you should probably obtain the completed trajectories that we have already prepared. However, these must be carefully placed in their appropriate directories with the appropriate names.

You will need access to an AmaroLab computer like Honolua for this commands. Log into an

###Fix file location###

  scp /extra/banzai/alheynem/seekr/tryp_dcds/tryp_ens_equil_trajectories.tgz

Of course, replace /scratch/directory/on/stampede with the true path (Log into Stampede and type: "echo $SCRATCH" to see a path to this), along with your_username_here replaced with your Stampede username.

Now, with a terminal open in Stampede, 'cd' to your SEEKR project root directory, where you can see all the directories that begin with "anchor".

Now run the following commands (NOTE: You may run into errors if SEEKR didn't create one of the anchor files, like anchor_3. If so, then just skip those commands):

  tar -xzf $SCRATCH/tryp_ens_equil_trajectories.tgz
  mv anchor_3_ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc; mv ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc anchor_3_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_3_ens_equil_0_1.dcd ens_equil_0_1.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_1.dcd anchor_3_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_3_ens_equil_0_2.dcd ens_equil_0_2.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_2.dcd anchor_3_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_3_ens_equil_0_3.dcd ens_equil_0_3.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_3.dcd anchor_3_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_4_ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc; mv ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc anchor_4_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_4_ens_equil_0_1.dcd ens_equil_0_1.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_1.dcd anchor_4_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_4_ens_equil_0_2.dcd ens_equil_0_2.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_2.dcd anchor_4_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_4_ens_equil_0_3.dcd ens_equil_0_3.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_3.dcd anchor_4_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_4_ens_equil_0_4.dcd ens_equil_0_4.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_4.dcd anchor_4_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_5_ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc; mv ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc anchor_5_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_5_ens_equil_0_1.dcd ens_equil_0_1.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_1.dcd anchor_5_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_5_ens_equil_0_2.dcd ens_equil_0_2.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_2.dcd anchor_5_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_5_ens_equil_0_3.dcd ens_equil_0_3.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_3.dcd anchor_5_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_5_ens_equil_0_4.dcd ens_equil_0_4.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_4.dcd anchor_5_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_5_ens_equil_0_5.dcd ens_equil_0_5.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_5.dcd anchor_5_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_6_ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc; mv ens_equil_0_1.restart.xsc anchor_6_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_6_ens_equil_0_1.dcd ens_equil_0_1.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_1.dcd anchor_6_*/md/ens_equil/
  mv anchor_6_ens_equil_0_2.dcd ens_equil_0_2.dcd; mv ens_equil_0_2.dcd anchor_6_*/md/ens_equil/

(Optional) Now you can 'rm $SCRATCH/tryp_ens_equil_trajectories.tgz' to delete the tarball there.

If you have no access to an Amaro Lab computer, you may have to run the umbrella sampling trajectories yourself for a longer period of time.

(Optional) If you have it installed on Stampede, use the 'catdcd' command to see how long the trajectories are. However, if you don't have catdcd on Stampede, it's difficult to use the catdcd command. Download catdcd, place it in your work directory on Stampede, and edit your .bashrc file in your home directory using vim or vi. Add this line in your .bashrc file:

  alias catdcd="$WORK/catdcd"

Once you have edited and saved your .bashrc file, source it so the changes can be implemented with the command done within your home directory:

  source .bashrc

Then use the following command:

  catdcd anchor_3*/md/ens_equil/ens_equil_0_*.dcd

This will show you how many frames are in each trajectory file. This command was just applied to anchor 3, try it with the other anchors.

Now, it's time to submit the forward-reverse stage job. Run the following command using from the trypsin_project_directory:

  python /path/to/SEEKR/bin/ -p 64 -nr 16 -t 12:00:00 submit all fwd_rev

Of course, replace /path/to/ with the path to the SEEKR program. The '-p' option will request 64 processors. If you find that you can perform calculations more efficiently with a different number of processors, you can change this number. The '-nr' option defines the number of replicas, that is, the number of concurrent fwd-rev stage jobs running at once. The number of processors per replica is equal to (number of processors / number of replicas). The '-t' option specifies the amount of time to run in hours:minutes:seconds. Run with the '-h' option to see additional arguments that are available.

Change directory into one of the anchors, say anchor 4. Go through the 'md' and 'fwd_rev' directories. From here, you can view the '.namd' and '.submit' files to see how the fwd-rev stage is run. There is a lot of special code in the '.namd' files that helps in the assignment of simulations to replicas, as well as switching between reverse and forward stages, starting up where jobs are left off etc.

Submit the jobs using the following command:

  sbatch fwd_rev64_1.submit

The job will run for up to 12 hours. You can check on the job the same way using the 'showq -u' or 'qstat' commands.

============= BD STAGE: =============

This stage can be run independantly of any of the MD stages, and it can fill time during the supercomputer simulations of the previous sections.

BD is run starting from both the b-surface, and also the outermost milestone(s). We need to start with the b-surface, because the starting distribution on the outermost milestone(s) will be determined from this. From the trypsin system root directory, 'cd' into the directory named 'b_surface'. Open 'input.xml' to make sure that the parameters are OK (For instance, make sure that the Debye length and dielectric values are good). From here, run the BrownDye program 'bd_top' on the input file.

  bd_top input.xml

This will generate all the auxiliary files needed to run Brownian Dynamics simulations starting from the b-surface. It's worth it to open the file that ends with '-simulation.xml', which contains all the simulation parameters, and it's worth it to check out and make sure that everything looks good from your point of view. It's probably also worth it to open the rxns.xml file, view which atom indeces are involved in the reactions, then highlight these atoms on the 'bd_receptor_dry_pqr.pqr' file in a molecular viewer like VMD. For instance, if the tag in the rxns.xml file has the pair of atoms '3233' and '19', then we can load 'bd_receptor_dry_pqr.pqr' into VMD, then create a new representation with the selection "serial 3233" and draw using VDW to see where the atom is located. We can do the same with the ligand pqr file, and highlight atom number 19.

Now we can run the simulations:

  nam_simulation bd_receptor_dry_pqr-0_0_site1_30.1_33.4_27.8_0-simulation.xml

Your '-simulation.xml' file may be named slightly differently from what is above.

Once the simulations are done (probably a couple of hours later), you can view the results by opening the 'results.xml' file in a text editor like vi or gedit. You can find the number of reactions in the tag. The larger this number is, the better. Hopefully at least 100, but preferably thousands.

Now, we are going to run the BD simulations for the outermost milestone. 'cd' back one, then go into the outermost anchor (anchor 6). Go into the 'bd' directory this time. Unlike the b-surface simulation, where you run all your simulations from random places on the b-surface, this anchor will have all its BD simulations started from points where this milestone was crossed in the bd simulations. Therefore, there will be many many separate runs of BrownDye starting from different conformations.

To do this, we must extract frames from the b-surface trajectories. Make sure you specified the 'empty_pqrxml_path' parameter in your SEEKR input file. There is a copy of 'empty.pqrxml' inside the SEEKR program directory. Run the following command:


This will run for an hour or more, extracting structures from the last frames of the b-surface simulations. Once complete, you can look inside the trajs/ folder to see the output of the script. There will be a thousand ligand .pqr files, and a thousand .xml files that characterize additional information about the last frame of each of these trajectories. These .pqr files are technically called 'encounter complexes'. We won't be using the .xml files, but we will be using the .pqr files in later steps.

So, inside the bd/ directory of anchor 6, run the following command: (NOTE TO SASHA AND BEN: Download the latest version of BrownDye to make sure that this works right.)


This takes all of the encounter complexes that we made in the last step, and prepares and then runs a BD simulation for each of them. This calculation will take awhile, probably several hours. (**This took me several days with 16 cores with the increased dx map. We should probably suggest this on the supercomputer.)

When that is done, run the next script:


This will descend into every directory of fhpd/ and pull out the results files, combining them together into a single results.xml file which will be used in the final analysis step of the system.

============= ANALYSIS STAGE: =============

This is the final stage of a SEEKR calculation. We will use the program included with SEEKR. To familiarize yourself with the input of this script, run the following command:

  python -h

This will print out a help file for this and can give a hint about how to run it.

Argument breakdown: is likely to run for several hours, depending on the '--skip' and '--number' values.

The following command will run for an on rate calculation, sampling 100 error matrices, with the zeroth anchor as the sink state:

  python /path/to/seekr/ -m milestones.xml -b 0 --skip 100 --number 1000 --on

When complete, it will print out a k-on and other useful information.

To see the free energy profile, run the following command:

  python ~/seekr/ --free_energy -m milestones.xml -b 0 --skip 100 --number 1000

Use the -h option of for help and to wiew all the possible commands.

For further analysis, there is a collection of scripts in the SEEKR/tools/analysis/ directory.

Last Updated 02/09/'17 | Copyright © 2016-2017 Amaro Lab.